Professor Emeritus Iain Davidson
- Post Nominals: FAHA
- Fellow Type: Fellow
- Elected to the Academy: 1994
- Section(s): Archaeology
Iain Davidson is an Emeritus Professor of Archaeology in the School of Humanities at the University of New England. He has also held honorary positions at Flinders University, Arizona State University, University of Colorado, Colorado Springs, and Harvard University. He worked at the University of New England for 34 years, where he helped start the Department of Prehistory and Archaeology. He was awarded a Personal Chair in 1997 which he held until retirement in 2008. He also held the Visiting Chair of Australian Studies at Harvard University in 2008-09. He was awarded the Rhys Jones Medal of the Australian Archaeological Association in 2010. He has carried out research and publication on the Spanish Palaeolithic and on Australian prehistory. He has published pioneering work on the Archaeology of language origins. He conducts research on all aspects of Archaeology including painted caves in Northwestern Queensland and consultancy in Queensland and in New South Wales.